The city of Silvermoon was founded by the high elves after their arrival in Lordaeron thousands of years ago. The city was constructed in the style of the ancient Kaldorei Empire. The city contained the famous Academies of Silvermoon as a center for the learning of Arcane Magic and Sunstrider Spire, a majestic palace home to the Royal family of the high elves. The Convocation of Silvermoon (also known as "The Silvermoon Council"), the ruling body of the high elves was also based here.
Although Silvermoon itself was left relatively unscathed from the second war, in the third war the Death Knight Arthas led the Scourge into the city, attacking it on his quest to reach the Sunwell. The High Elven King was slain and the majority of the population killed.
Silvermoon today is only the eastern half of the original city; the western half was almost completely destroyed by the Scourge during the Third War. Falconwing Square, the second blood elf town, is the only part of western Silvermoon remaining in blood elf control.
Notes and trivia
As a tribute to the first blood elf to hit level 67 during the beta, the paladin trainer Bachi was named after the player Bachi.
The city's guards, "Silvermoon City Guardians" use a distinctly different model than other male blood elves, made to resemble the Spellbreakers of old Quel'Thalas with tall shields and large glaives. This model is based on an older blood elf player model from The Burning Crusade's pre-alpha builds, which were in use at the time of the expansion's announcement at Blizzcon.
It is amusing to note that the female blood elf /silly emote, "You mean, I'm STUCK with this hair color !" seems to be, in principle at least, quite accurate; as there is no barber shop in Silvermoon City, those blood elves wishing to change their character models must visit another city to do so.
The old main gate of the city was completely destroyed during the Third War, and the Shepherd's gate is used in its stead.
Silvermoon today is only the eastern half of the original city; the western half was almost completely destroyed by the Scourge during the Third War. Falconwing Square, the second blood elf town, is the only part of western Silvermoon remaining in blood elf control. The Dead Scar (the path taken by Arthas Menethil and his undead army on the quest to resurrect Kel'Thuzad, which carves through all of Eversong Woods) separates the rebuilt Silvermoon from the ruins of the western half. Interestingly, the Ruins of Silvermoon house no undead, instead they contain Wretched and malfunctioning Arcane Guardians.
Silvermoon has a meeting hall at the north end of its palace, where the regent lord and his advisors (chiefly Halduron and Rommath) discuss matters of state and politics. It is a large and impressive chamber designed specifically for this purpose; it also overlooks the ocean, and theIsle of Quel'Danas is visible from it. Whether this is the main hall of the Sunfury Spire seen in-game, or another, unseen part of the palace, is unclear.
Silvermoon also has a number of grand libraries not specifically seen in-game. Loremaster Skosiris of the Scryers sought to imitate them in the Scryer's Tier.
According to the blood elves, Silvermoon City is unrivaled in beauty or grandeur.